Once Islam was gaining so much popular attention, Islam enemies made a final effort to ensure its expansion. It was Arabs’ last arrow in their tremble against Islam and the Muslims.
The Hawazin called themselves as the supreme and best tribe after the Quraish. When the Quraish submitted to the Messenger Prophet (PBUB) of ALLAH Almighty in Makkah, the Hawazin became the undoubted champions of the idol-worshippers.
Malik ibn Awf an-Nasri, was the Hawazin leader, he called for war against the Muslims and the tribe of Thaqif also supported him. They decided to advance against the Muslims in taking their property, children and women with them so that everybody would fight to the last in defence of his possessions and family.
The Prophet (PBUH) of ALLAH Almighty set out with thousands Muslims from Makkah, including those who had freshly accepted the Islam and some who had not yet accepted the imaan (faith), and about ten thousand peoples who had set out with Him from Madina. It was the strongest force so far to defend the honour of the religion of peace Islam.
THE VALLEY OF HUNAYN:
The Muslims advanced towards the valley of Hunayn before sunrise on 10th Shawwal 8 A.H. The Hawazin were also already in the valley, hidden in its ravines. The Muslims were frightened when the Hawazin unexpectedly loosed volleys of arrows, and then appeared, unsheathing their swords, for attacking as one man.
So many Muslims fled, no one paying attention to someone else. It was very critical moment. A total rout of the Muslims was in view. They were improbable to put up any kind of resistance after what had happened. In totalling, sudden rumour spread among all the people that the Prophet (PBUH) had been killed, as occurred in the Battle of Uhud, and the Muslim army retreated still further.
THE HAWAZIN ARE DEFEATED:
ALLAH Almighty chastised the Muslims for daring about their strength and had made them feel the taste the bitterness of defeat after the sweetness of conquest. They had to keep in mind that both come from ALLAH Almighty. The soldiers rushed back, dismounting from camels and taking up their shields and swords. When a huge group of them gathered round the Prophet (PBUH) of ALLAH Almighty, they bore down on the opponent and battle began. Both groups fought bravely and a group of prisoners handcuffed was brought to the Prophet (PBUH) and ALLAH Almighty sent down His angels to help. They filled the whole valley and the Hawazin were defeated. This is referred to in the Holy Quran verse 9:25-26;
ALLAH has already given you victory in many regions and [even] on the day of Hunayn, when your great number pleased you, but it did not avail you at all, and the earth was confining for you with its vastness; then you turned back, fleeing. Then ALLAH sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers and sent down soldiers angels whom you did not see and punished those who disbelieved. And that is the recompense of the disbelievers.
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